Barzai the Wise was is high-priest of the Gods of Earth (the Great Ones) in Ulthar and one-time teacher of Atal. According to the story, he often delved into the unknown, reading such works as the Pnakotic Manuscripts and the Seven Cryptical Books of Hsan. He was the son of an aristocrat, which makes him skeptical of commoners' superstitions. He is said to have advised the burgesses of Ulthar when they passed their ban on cat-slaying. He vanished shortly after climbing to the top of Hatheg-Kla to see the gods reveling on its peak.
Other stories contain references to the "Scimitar of Barzai".