The Land of Lomar appears in detail Lovecraft's Polaris (fiction), and makes cameo appearances in a couple other stories as well.
Land of Lomar
Lomar was a human civilization in the arctic, 26,000 years ago. It was destroyed by fierce invading warrior-tribes of Inutos, distant ancestors of the Inuit, and the land was later buried under a glacial ice sheet. The Lomarians were great statesmen, scholars, and warriors, but all of their might and wisdom could not save them from the relentless flow of the ice from the north, which drove their civilization steadily southward, to is last great outpost at Olathoe. Finally, as the ice advanced upon the last of their cities and the invading Inutos conquered Olathoe, the last traces of Lomarian civilization destroyed.
While the location of Lomar is not given in the sources, the only place in the arctic region that has significant mountains and a present-day ice sheet is Greenland. During the time when Lomar flourished, the Wisconsin glaciation had not yet reached its fullest extent, and it is possible that southern Greenland was still unglaciated at that time. Investigators who hope to find the buried remains of Lomarian civilization might be well advised to look there.
Plateau of Sarkia
The windswept arctic Pleateau of Sarkia is home to Lomar, and to the neighboring lands of the Inuto conquerors.
A peak in the ancient kingdom of Lomar. A pass behind it was the invasion route of the Inutos onto the plateau of Sarkia.
A peak on the other side of the plateau of Sarkia from Mount Noton in Lomar. A secret cave in this mountain leads to the famous "Heart of Kadiphonek", a heart-shaped formation of rock which glows redly and pulsates with an unearthly beat. Doubtless, other things are here as well.
Valley of Banof
The valley of Banof in ancient Lomar, located in the frigid lowlands beneath the western face of Mount Noton near the lands of the Inutos, is visible from the topmost chambers of the Lomarian watchtower of Thapnen; this well-guarded distant valley would have been the most direct way to invade the lands of Lomar, the watchtower placed strategically to watch the mountain passes for sneak-attack, the valley for direct invasion, and signals from the tower visible to the warriors of Olathoe and other Lomarian cities to warn of attacks from either direction.
The capital of Lomar was the lonely marble city of Olathoe, which lay on the plateau of Sarkia between the peaks Noton and Kadiphonek. Few have visited the city, as it has no ports and little to offer in trade, but it is nonetheless legendary for its beauty, with great houses of marble, and marble pillars in the streets carved at the top to represent grave bearded men.
The people of Lomar dwelt in a land further north named Zobna, until they were driven out by spreading ice sheets, and they expected one day to have to depart Lomar for the same reason. They brought copies of The Pnakotic Fragments with them from Zobna, though no known copies of their translation are recorded. The date of the fall of Zobna is not recorded, but Nathaniel Wingate Peaslee, while his mind was inhabiting a Yithian body, conversed with the captive mind of a king of Lomar who reigned one hundred thousand years before the fall of Lomarian civilization.
Diakos was a Lomarian city, now ruins, which fell to the Inutos during the invasion of Lomar.
The land of Inutos far to the north beyond Mount Noton was inhabited by short, sturdy, "yellow-skinned" invaders, their civilization brought to ruin and their farmers and fishermen driven south in conquering hordes by the advancing glaciers, leaving a path of empty, pillaged and looted cities in their wake as they make their way south toward Olathoe and cities beyond. Their advance has put them in contact with surviving tribes of the savage, hairy Gnophkehs, some of whom were enslaved into the Inuto war hordes, along with folk of northern Lomar. The Inuto people would eventually conquer all of Lomar, rising to heights of their own civilization in the Hyborian Age, but over thousands of years the Inuto civilization in turn would fall, with the survivors on the southern frontiers of the modern arctic said to be the ancestors of modern Inuits Eskimos, and Siberians.
Heresies and Controversies
Some say that a few Lomarian survivors of the Inuto invasion fled into the Dreamlands, rebuilding a pale replica of Lomar deep in the far north of Inquanok, where they haunt their chilly city alone where few visitors go; here can be found one of the Dreamlands' few copies of the Pnakotic Maniscripts. ([[Chaosium, H.P. Lovecraft's Dreamlands, "The Other Gods (fiction)", "The Quest of Iranon (fiction)")
- The Dreamlands angle is tenuous; the characters in "Quest of Iranon" and "The Other Gods" seem to be referring to Lomar as if it were a far and distant memory of the waking world accessed over the thin borders between the waking world and the Dreamlands (in much the same way that Randolph Carter was able to remember waking lands and cross physically between worlds via the Silver Key), rather than an actual location in the Dreamlands; "Polaris" and The Shadow Out of Time seem to clearly place Lomar in the waking world. Chaosium seems to have split the difference, placing it both in the waking world, and a copy of the land in Dream. The exact location is not explicit, though, and the early Dreamlands stories might have been indecisive about exactly how the Dreamlands relate to the waking world, with some possibility that Lovecraft was willing to place the same city in either world as necessary; much the same approach was used on the Plateau of Leng, which seems to exist in both worlds.
Associated Mythos Elements
The following stories by H.P. Lovecraft include references to Lomar: