Difference between revisions of "1923"

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{{yearbox|
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'''1923''' '''(MCMXXIII)''' was a common year starting on Monday
| in?=
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{{mythos|Fictional or semi-fictional events due to the [[Cthulhu Mythos]] are highlighted in this fashion.}}
| cp=19th century
 
| c=20th century
 
| cf=21st century
 
 
 
| yp1=1920
 
| yp2=1921
 
| yp3=1922
 
| year=1923
 
| ya1=1924
 
| ya2=1925
 
| ya3=1926
 
 
| dp3=1890s
 
| dp2=1900s
 
| dp1=1910s
 
| d=1920s
 
| dn1=1930s
 
| dn2=1940s
 
| dn3=1950s
 
}}
 
{{C20YearInTopic}}
 
 
 
'''1923''' '''(MCMXXIII)''' was a [[common year starting on Monday]] (link will take you to calendar).
 
  
 
==Events==
 
==Events==
{{Year G}}
 
 
===January===
 
===January===
* [[January 1]] - [[Grouping Act|Grouping]] of all [[United Kingdom|UK]] [[railway]] companies into four larger companies
+
* January 1 - Grouping of all United Kingdom railway companies into four larger companies
* [[January 10]] - [[Lithuania]] seizes and annexes [[Memel]]
+
* January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel
* [[January 11]] - Troops from [[France]] and [[Belgium]] [[Occupation of the Ruhr|occupy the Ruhr area]] to force [[Germany]] to pay its reparation payments
+
* January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to pay its reparation payments
  
 
===February===
 
===February===
* [[February 16]] - [[Howard Carter]] unseals the burial chamber of [[Pharaoh]] [[Tutankhamun]]
+
* February 16 - Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun
* [[February 22]] - [[Barcelona]] ([[Catalonia]]): [[Albert Einstein]] visits the city, invited by the scientist [[Esteban Terradas i Illa]], as part of the monografics course of High Studies and Exchange organized by the [[Mancomunitat de Catalunya]] and conducted by [[Rafael de Campalans]].
+
* February 22 - Barcelona (Catalonia): Albert Einstein visits the city, invited by the scientist Esteban Terradas i Illa, as part of the monografics course of High Studies and Exchange organized by the Mancomunitat de Catalunya and conducted by Rafael de Campalans.
  
 
===March===
 
===March===
* [[March]] - ''[[Antigone]]'' by [[Jean Cocteau]] appears on a Paris stage.  Settings by [[Pablo Picasso]], music by [[Arthur Honegger]], and costumes by [[Gabrielle Chanel]][[Antonin Artaud]] played the part of [[Tiresias]].
+
* March - ''Antigone'' by Jean Cocteau appears on a Paris stage.  Settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger, and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel.  Antonin Artaud played the part of Tiresias.
* [[March 1]] - [[USS Connecticut (BB-18)|USS Connecticut]] decommissioned
+
* March 1 - USS Connecticut decommissioned
* [[March 2]] - ''[[Time Magazine]]'' hits newsstands for the first time
+
* March 2 - ''Time Magazine'' hits newsstands for the first time
* [[March 9]] - [[Vladimir Lenin]] suffers a stroke, his third, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] government.
+
* March 9 - Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke, his third, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.
  
 
===April===
 
===April===
* [[April]] - End of [[Irish Civil War]]
+
* April - End of Irish Civil War
* [[April 12]] - [[Kandersteg International Scout Centre]] came into existence.
+
* April 12 - Kandersteg International Scout Centre came into existence.
* [[April 23]] - Ceremonial inauguration of [[Gdynia]] Seaport
+
* April 23 - Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia Seaport
* [[April 26]] - Wedding of [[George VI of the United Kingdom|Prince Albert]] and [[Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon]] in [[Westminster Abbey]]
+
* April 26 - Wedding of George VI of the United Kingdom/Prince Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in Westminster Abbey
  
 
===May===
 
===May===
* [[May 23]] - Launch of [[Belgium]]'s [[SABENA]] Airlines
+
* May 23 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA Airlines
* [[May 27]] - [[Ku Klux Klan]] defies law requiring publication of its members  
+
* May 27 - Ku Klux Klan defies law requiring publication of its members  
  
 
===June===
 
===June===
* [[June 9]] - [[Military coup]] in [[Bulgaria]] - prime minister [[Aleksandar Stamboliyski]] is ousted (he is killed [[June 14]])
+
* June 9 - Military coup in Bulgaria - prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski is ousted (he is killed June 14)
* [[June 18]] - [[Etna]] volcano erupts - 60.000 made homeless
+
* June 18 - Etna volcano erupts - 60.000 made homeless
  
 
===July===
 
===July===
* [[July 10]] - Large [[hail]]stones kill 23 in [[Rostow]], [[Soviet Russia]]
+
* July 10 - Large hailstones kill 23 in Rostow, Soviet Russia
* [[July 19]]-[[July 20|20]] night - Assassination of [[Pancho Villa]]
+
* July 19 - July 20|20 night - Assassination of Pancho Villa
* [[July 24]] - The [[Treaty of Lausanne]], settling the boundaries of modern [[Turkey]], is signed in [[Switzerland]] by [[Greece]], [[Bulgaria]] and other countries that fought in the [[World War I|First World War]]
+
* July 24 - The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War
  
 
===August===
 
===August===
* [[August 2]] - [[Warren G. Harding]], 29th [[President of the United States]] ([[1921]] - 1923) dies in office and is succeeded by [[Calvin Coolidge]] (1923-[[1929]]).
+
* August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921 - 1923) dies in office and is succeeded by Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929).
* [[August 13]] - First major sea-going ship arrives at [[Gdynia]], newly constructed [[Poland|Polish]] seaport
+
* August 13 - First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport
* [[August 13]] - [[Gustav Stresemann]] is named [[Chancellor of Germany|chancellor]] and founds a [[coalition government]] in [[Weimar Republic]] [[Germany]]
+
* August 13 - Gustav Stresemann is named Chancellor of Germany|chancellor and founds a coalition government in Weimar Republic Germany
  
 
===September===
 
===September===
* [[September 1]] - [[Great Kantō earthquake]] devastates [[Tokyo]] and [[Yokohama]] killing  142.807 people
+
* September 1 - Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama killing  142.807 people
* [[September 4]] - In [[Lakehurst, New Jersey]], the first American [[airship]], the "[[USS Shenandoah (ZR-1)|USS ''Shenandoah'']], takes to the sky for the first time
+
* September 4 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first American airship, the USS ''Shenandoah'', takes to the sky for the first time
* [[September 6]] - Italian navy occupies [[Corfu]] in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. [[League of Nations]] protests and they leave [[September 29]]
+
* September 6 - Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. League of Nations protests and they leave September 29
* [[September 8]] - [[Honda Point Disaster]]:  Seven [[US Navy]] [[destroyer]]s ran aground off the [[California]] coast.
+
* September 8 - Honda Point Disaster:  Seven US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast.
* [[September 9]] - [[Atatürk]] founded the [[CHP]].   
+
* September 9 - Atatürk founded the CHP.   
* [[September 13]] - Military coup in [[Spain]] - [[Miguel Primo de Rivera]] takes over, setting up a [[dictatorship]].
+
* September 13 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
* [[September 18]]-[[September 26|26]] - Newspaper printers strike in New York
+
* September 18-26 - Newspaper printers strike in New York
* [[September 26]] - In [[Bayern]], [[Gustav von Kuhr]] declares independence from [[Berlin]]
+
* September 26 - In Bayern, Gustav von Kuhr declares independence from Berlin
  
 
===October===
 
===October===
* [[October 29]] - [[Turkey]] becomes a [[republic]] following the dissolution of the [[Ottoman Empire]]
+
* October 29 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire
  
 
===November===
 
===November===
* [[November 8]] - [[Beer Hall Putsch]]: In [[Munich]], [[Adolf Hitler]] leads the [[Nazi]]s in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day
+
* November 8 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day
* [[November 12]]- Her Highness [[Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk|Princess Maud of Fife]] marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, [[London]].
+
* November 12- Her Highness Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk|Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
* [[November 15]] - The [[inflation]] in Germany reaches its height. One [[dollar]] is worth 4,200,000,000,000 [[Reichsmark]]s (4.2 trillion). [[Gustav Stresemann]] abolishes the old [[currency]]
+
* November 15 - The inflation in Germany reaches its height. One dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000 Reichsmarks (4.2 trillion). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency
* [[November 23]] - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses
+
* November 23 - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses
  
 
===December===
 
===December===
* [[December 12]] - [[Po]] river dam bursts - 600 dead
+
* December 12 - Po river dam bursts - 600 dead
* [[December 27]] - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo
+
* December 27 - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo
  
 
===Unknown dates===
 
===Unknown dates===
* [[Juan de la Cierva]] invents the [[autogyro]], a [[rotary-winged aircraft]] with an unpowered rotor.
+
* Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.
* [[Finland|Finnish]] flag carrier [[Finnair]] airline is started in Aero Oy.
+
* Finnish flag carrier Finnair airline is started in Aero Oy.
* [[Interpol]] is set up.
+
* Interpol is set up.
 
* International Police Conference in Vienna
 
* International Police Conference in Vienna
* [[Hoda Cha'arawi Association]] (formerly The Egyptian Feminist Union) is established in [[Egypt]].
+
* Hoda Cha'arawi Association (formerly The Egyptian Feminist Union) is established in Egypt.
* [[Trade union]]s banned in Spain for 10 years.
+
* Trade unions banned in Spain for 10 years.
* Police strike in [[Australia]]
+
* Police strike in Australia
* [[Regia Aeronautica]], air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
+
* Regia Aeronautica, air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
* [[American Law Institute]] established
+
* American Law Institute established
* [[Moderation League of New York]] became part of movement for [[repeal of prohibition]] in United States.
+
* Moderation League of New York became part of movement for repeal of prohibition in United States.
  
 
==Births==
 
==Births==
 
===January===
 
===January===
*[[January 1]] - [[Roméo Sabourin]], Canadian World War II spy  (d. [[1944]])
+
*January 1 - Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II spy  (d. 1944)
*[[January 5]] - [[Sam Phillips]], American record producer (d. [[2003]])
+
*January 5 - Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
*[[January 6]] - [[Jacobo Timerman]], Argentine writer (d. [[1999]])
+
*January 6 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
*[[January 7]] - [[Hugh Kenner]], Canadian literary critic (d. [[2003]])
+
*January 7 - Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
*[[January 8]] - [[Johnny Wardle]], English cricketer (d. [[1985]])
+
*January 8  - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
*[[January 16]] - [[Anthony Hecht]], American poet (d. [[2004]])
+
*January 16 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
*[[January 19]] - [[Jean Stapleton]], American actress
+
*January 19 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
*[[January 25]] - [[Arvid Carlsson]], Swedish scientist, recipient of the [[Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine]]
+
*January 25 - Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
*[[January 26]] - [[Anne Jeffreys]], American actress
+
*January 26 - Anne Jeffreys, American actress
*[[January 29]] - [[Paddy Chayefsky]], American writer (d. [[1981]])
+
*January 29 - Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
*[[January 31]] - [[Norman Mailer]], American writer and journalist
+
*January 31 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist
  
 
===February===
 
===February===
*[[February 2]] - [[James Dickey]], American poet and author (d. [[1997]])
+
*February 2 - James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
*[[February 2]] - [[Liz Smith (journalist)|Liz Smith]], American gossip columnist
+
*February 2 - Liz Smith (journalist)|Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
*[[February 9]] - [[Brendan Behan]], Irish author (d. [[1964]])
+
*February 9 - Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
*[[February 12]] - [[Franco Zeffirelli]], Italian film and opera director
+
*February 12 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director
*[[February 13]] - [[Yfrah Neaman]], Lebanese-born violinist (d. [[2003]])
+
*February 13 - Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
*[[February 13]] - [[Chuck Yeager]], American pilot and NASA official
+
*February 13 - Chuck Yeager, American pilot and NASA official
*[[February 20]] - [[Forbes Burnham]], [[President of Guyana]] (d. [[1985]])
+
*February 20 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
*[[February 24]] - [[David Soyer]], American cellist
+
*February 24 - David Soyer, American cellist
*[[February 27]] - [[Dexter Gordon]], American jazz saxophone player (d. [[1990]])
+
*February 27 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophone player (d. 1990)
  
 
===March===
 
===March===
* [[March 6]] - [[Ed McMahon]], American television personality
+
* March 6 - Ed McMahon, American television personality
* [[March 9]] - [[Walter Kohn]], Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the [[Nobel Prize in Chemistry]]
+
* March 9 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* [[March 10]] - [[Val Logsdon Fitch]], American nuclear physicist, [[Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize]] laureate
+
* March 10 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
* [[March 12]] - [[Wally Schirra]], astronaut
+
* March 12 - Wally Schirra, astronaut
* [[March 21]] - [[Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava]], Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
+
* March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
* [[March 25]] - [[Wim van Est]], Dutch cyclist (d. [[2003]])
+
* March 25 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
* [[March 26]] - [[Bob Elliott (comedian)|Bob Elliott]], American comedian
+
* March 26 - Bob Elliott (comedian)|Bob Elliott, American comedian
* [[March 27]] - [[Louis Simpson]], Jamaican-born poet
+
* March 27 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
* [[March 30]] - [[Milton Acorn]], Canadian writer (d. [[1986]])
+
* March 30 - Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)
  
 
===April===
 
===April===
* [[April 2]] - [[G. Spencer-Brown]], British mathematician
+
* April 2 - G. Spencer-Brown, British mathematician
* [[April 6]] - [[Ramon Valdes]], Mexican comedian
+
* April 6 - Ramon Valdes, Mexican comedian
* [[April 8]] - [[George Fisher (cartoonist)|George Fisher]], American political cartoonist (d. [[2003]])
+
* April 8 - George Fisher (cartoonist)|George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003)
* [[April 8]] - [[Edward Mulhare]], Irish actor (d. [[1997]])
+
* April 8 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997)
*[[April 13]] - [[Don Adams]], American actor and comedian (d. [[2005]])
+
* April 13 - Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
* [[April 20]] - [[Mother Angelica]], American founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN)
+
* April 20 - Mother Angelica, American founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN)
* [[April 22]] - [[Bettie Page]], American model
+
* April 22 - Bettie Page, American model
*April 22 - [[Aaron Spelling]], American television producer and writer
+
* April 22 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer and writer
* [[April 23]] - [[Dolph Briscoe]], Governor of Texas
+
* April 23 - Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas
  
 
===May===
 
===May===
* [[May 1]] - [[Joseph Heller]], American novelist (d. [[1999]])
+
* May 1 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
* [[May 2]] - [[Patrick Hillery]], [[President of Ireland]]
+
* May 2 - Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland
* [[May 3]] - [[Ralph Hall]], American politician
+
* May 3 - Ralph Hall, American politician
* [[May 5]] - [[Richard Wollheim]], British philosopher (d. [[2003]])
+
* May 5 - Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
* [[May 7]] - [[Anne Baxter]], American actress (d. [[1985]])
+
* May 7 - Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
* [[May 13]] - [[Bea Arthur]], American actress
+
* May 13 - Bea Arthur, American actress
* [[May 15]] - [[John Lanchbery]], English composer (d. [[2003]])
+
* May 15 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
*[[May 16]] - [[Merton Miller]], American economist, [[Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize]] laureate
+
* May 16 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate
* [[May 18]] - [[Hugh Shearer]], [[Prime Minister of Jamaica]] (d. [[2004]])
+
* May 18 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
* [[May 21]] - [[Armand Borel]], Swiss mathematician (d. [[2003]])
+
* May 21 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
*May 21 - [[Dorothy Hewett]], writer (d. [[2002]])
+
* May 21 - Dorothy Hewett, writer (d. 2002)
*May 21 - [[Ara Parseghian]], American football coach
+
* May 21 - Ara Parseghian, American football coach
*[[May 26]] - [[James Arness]], American actor
+
* May 26 - James Arness, American actor
* [[May 27]] - [[Henry Kissinger]], [[United States Secretary of State]], recipient of the [[Nobel Peace Prize]]
+
* May 27 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* [[May 28]] - [[György Ligeti]], Hungarian composer
+
* May 28 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer
* [[May 31]] - [[Rainier III, Prince of Monaco]] (d. [[2005]])
+
* May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
  
 
===July===
 
===July===
* [[July 2]] - [[Wislawa Szymborska]], Polish writer, [[Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize]] laureate
+
* July 2 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
* [[July 4]] - [[Rudolf Friedrich]], Swiss Federal Councilor
+
* July 4 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
* [[July 8]] - [[Harrison Dillard]], American athlete
+
* July 8 - Harrison Dillard, American athlete
* [[July 18]] - [[Jerome H. Lemelson]], American inventor (d. [[1997]])
+
* July 18 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
* [[July 20]] - [[Stanislaw Albinowski|Stanisław Albinowski]], Polish economist and journalist (d. [[2005]])
+
* July 20 - Stanislaw Albinowski|Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
*[[July 21]] - [[Rudolph A. Marcus]], Canadian chemist, [[Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize]] laureate
+
* July 21 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate
* [[July 22]] - [[Robert Joseph Dole]], American politician and Presidential candidate
+
* July 22 - Robert Joseph Dole, American politician and Presidential candidate
*July 22 - [[Mukesh]], Indian singer (d. [[1976]])
+
* July 22 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
* [[July 23]] - [[Luis Aloma|Witto Aloma]], Cuban [[Major League Baseball]] player (d. [[1997]])
+
* July 23 - Luis Aloma|Witto Aloma, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1997)
  
 
===August===
 
===August===
* [[August 5]] [[Devan Nair]], third [[President of Singapore]] (d. [[2005]])
+
* August 5  -  Devan Nair, third President of Singapore (d. 2005)
* [[August 16]] - [[Millôr Fernandes]], Brazilian cartoonist and playwright
+
* August 16 - Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian cartoonist and playwright
* [[August 20]] - [[Jim Reeves]], American singer (d. [[1964]])
+
* August 20 - Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964)
*[[August 21]] - [[Shimon Peres]], [[Prime Minister of Israel]], recipient of the [[Nobel Peace Prize]]
+
* August 21 - Shimon Peres, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* [[August 24]] - [[Arthur Jensen]], American educational psychologist
+
* August 24 - Arthur Jensen, American educational psychologist
* [[August 26]] - [[Wolfgang Sawallisch]], German conductor and pianist
+
* August 26 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist
  
 
===September===
 
===September===
* [[September 1]] - [[Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet]], Canadian businessman and art collector
+
* September 1 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector
*[[September 1]] - [[Rocky Marciano]], American boxer (d. [[1969]])
+
* September 1 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
* [[September 3]] - [[Mort Walker]], American cartoonist
+
* September 3 - Mort Walker, American cartoonist
* [[September 6]] - King [[Peter II of Yugoslavia]] (d. [[1970]])
+
* September 6 - King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
* [[September 9]] - [[Daniel Carleton Gajdusek]], American virologist, recipient of the [[Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine]]
+
* September 9 - Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* [[September 11]] - [[Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda]], Indian guru (d. [[2003]])
+
* September 11 - Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (d. 2003)
* [[September 17]] - [[Hank Williams]], American country musician (d. [[1953]])
+
* September 17 - Hank Williams, American country musician (d. 1953)
* [[September 20]] - [[Geraldine Clinton Little]], Irish-born poet (D. [[1997]]
+
* September 20 - Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (D. 1997
* [[September 22]] - [[Dannie Abse]], Welsh poet
+
* September 22 - Dannie Abse, Welsh poet
* [[September 26]] - [[Dev Anand]], Indian actor
+
* September 26 - Dev Anand, Indian actor
  
 
===October===
 
===October===
* [[October 3]] - [[Edward Oliver LeBlanc]], Dominican politician (d. [[2004]])
+
* October 3 - Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
* [[October 5]] - [[Albert Guðmundsson]], Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. [[1994]])
+
* October 5 - Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. 1994)
* [[October 5]] - [[Glynis Johns]], British actress
+
* October 5 - Glynis Johns, British actress
* [[October 13]] - [[Faas Wilkes]], Dutch football (soccer) player
+
* October 13 - Faas Wilkes, Dutch football (soccer) player
* [[October 15]] - [[Italo Calvino]], Italian writer (d. [[1985]])
+
* October 15 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (d. 1985)
* [[October 23]] - [[Frank S<nowiki></nowiki>utton]], American actor (d. [[1974]])
+
* October 23 - Frank S<nowiki></nowiki>utton, American actor (d. 1974)
  
 
===November===
 
===November===
* [[November 1]] - [[Victoria de los Angeles]], Catalan soprano (d. [[2005]])
+
* November 1 - Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano (d. 2005)
* [[November 1]] - [[Gordon R. Dickson]], Canadian author (d. [[2001]])
+
* November 1 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
* [[November 8]] - [[Jack Kilby]], American electrical engineer, recipient of the [[Nobel Prize in Physics]] (d. [[2005]])
+
* November 8 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2005)
* [[November 18]] - [[Alan Shepard]], American astronaut (d. [[1998]])
+
* November 18 - Alan Shepard, American astronaut (d. 1998)
* [[November 20]] - [[Nadine Gordimer]], South African writer, [[Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize]] laureate
+
* November 20 - Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
* [[November 22]] - [[Arthur Hiller]], Canadian film director
+
* November 22 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
* [[November 23]] - [[Billy Haughton]], American harness driver and trainer (d. [[1986]])
+
* November 23 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
* [[November 25]] - [[Mauno Koivisto]], [[President of Finland]]
+
* November 25 - Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland
  
 
===December===
 
===December===
* [[December 2]] - [[Maria Callas]], Greek soprano (d. [[1977]])
+
* December 2 - Maria Callas, Greek soprano (d. 1977)
* [[December 12]] - [[Bob Barker]], American game show host
+
* December 12 - Bob Barker, American game show host
* [[December 13]] - [[Philip Warren Anderson]], American physicist, [[Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize]] laureate
+
* December 13 - Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
*[[December 13]] - [[Larry Doby]], baseball player (d. [[2003]])
+
* December 13 - Larry Doby, baseball player (d. 2003)
*[[December 13]] [[Antoni Tàpies]], Catalan painter
+
* December 13 -  Antoni Tàpies, Catalan painter
* [[December 14]] - [[Gerard Reve]], Dutch writer
+
* December 14 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
* [[December 15]] - [[Freeman Dyson]], English-born physicist
+
* December 15 - Freeman Dyson, English-born physicist
* [[December 23]] - [[Claudio Scimone]], Italian conductor
+
* December 23 - Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
*[[December 23]] - [[James Stockdale]], U.S. Navy admiral
+
* December 23 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral
* [[December 24]] - [[George Patton IV]], American general (d. [[2004]])
+
* December 24 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
* [[December 25]] - [[Sonia Olschanezky]], World War II heroine (d. [[1944]])
+
* December 25 - Sonia Olschanezky, World War II heroine (d. 1944)
  
 
==Deaths==
 
==Deaths==
  
 
===January===
 
===January===
* [[Michel-Joseph Maunoury]], French general (b. [[1847]])
+
* Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
* [[January 9]] -  Katherine Mansfield, British novelist (b. 1888)
+
* January 9 -  Katherine Mansfield, British novelist (b. 1888)
* [[January 23]] - [[Max Nordau]], Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. [[1849]])
+
* January 23 - Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  
 
===February===
 
===February===
* [[February 10]] - [[Wilhelm Röntgen]], German physicist, [[Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize]] laureate (b. [[1845]])
+
* February 10 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
* [[February 23]] - [[Théophile Delcassé]], French statesman (b. [[1852]])
+
* February 23 - Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)
  
 
===March===
 
===March===
* [[March 8]] - [[Johannes Diderik van der Waals]], Dutch physicist, [[Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize]] laureate (b. [[1837]])
+
* March 8 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
* [[March 26]] - [[Sarah Bernhardt]], French actress (b. [[1844]])
+
* March 26 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
* [[March 27]] - Sir [[James Dewar]], Scottish chemist (b. [[1842]])
+
* March 27 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
  
 
===April===
 
===April===
* [[April 4]] - [[John Venn]], British mathematician (b. [[1834]])
+
* April 4 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
* [[April 5]] - [[George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon]], English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. [[1866]])
+
* April 5 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)
  
 
===June===
 
===June===
* [[June 9]] - [[Princess Helena of the United Kingdom]] (b. [[1846]])
+
* June 9 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (b. 1846)
  
 
===August===
 
===August===
* [[August 2]] - [[Warren G. Harding]], 29th [[President of the United States]] (b. [[1865]])
+
* August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
  
 
===October===
 
===October===
* [[October 30]] - [[Andrew Bonar Law]], [[Prime Minister of the United Kingdom]] (b. 1858)
+
* October 30 - Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
  
 
===December===
 
===December===
* [[December 12]] - [[Raymond Radiguet]], French author (b. [[1903]])
+
* December 12 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
* [[December 13]] - [[Théophile Steinlen]], Swiss painter (b. [[1859]])
+
* December 13 - Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)
  
 
==Nobel Prizes==
 
==Nobel Prizes==
* [[Nobel Prize/Physics|Physics]] - [[Robert Andrews Millikan]]
+
* Nobel Prize/Physics|Physics - Robert Andrews Millikan
* [[Nobel Prize/Chemistry|Chemistry]] - [[Fritz Pregl]]
+
* Nobel Prize/Chemistry|Chemistry - Fritz Pregl
* [[Nobel Prize/Physiology or medicine|Physiology or Medicine]] - [[Frederick Banting|Frederick Grant Banting]], [[John James Richard Macleod]]
+
* Nobel Prize/Physiology or medicine|Physiology or Medicine - Frederick Banting|Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
* [[Nobel Prize in literature|Literature]] - [[William Butler Yeats]]
+
* Nobel Prize in literature|Literature - William Butler Yeats
* [[Nobel Prize/Peace|Peace]] - Not awarded
+
* Nobel Prize/Peace|Peace - Not awarded
  
[[Category:1923|*]]
+
[[Category:1920s]]
  
 
Wiki Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia]
 
Wiki Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia]

Revision as of 03:29, 3 February 2006

1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. Fictional or semi-fictional events due to the Cthulhu Mythos are highlighted in this fashion.**

Events

January

  • January 1 - Grouping of all United Kingdom railway companies into four larger companies
  • January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel
  • January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to pay its reparation payments

February

  • February 16 - Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun
  • February 22 - Barcelona (Catalonia): Albert Einstein visits the city, invited by the scientist Esteban Terradas i Illa, as part of the monografics course of High Studies and Exchange organized by the Mancomunitat de Catalunya and conducted by Rafael de Campalans.

March

  • March - Antigone by Jean Cocteau appears on a Paris stage. Settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger, and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel. Antonin Artaud played the part of Tiresias.
  • March 1 - USS Connecticut decommissioned
  • March 2 - Time Magazine hits newsstands for the first time
  • March 9 - Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke, his third, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

April

  • April - End of Irish Civil War
  • April 12 - Kandersteg International Scout Centre came into existence.
  • April 23 - Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia Seaport
  • April 26 - Wedding of George VI of the United Kingdom/Prince Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in Westminster Abbey

May

  • May 23 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA Airlines
  • May 27 - Ku Klux Klan defies law requiring publication of its members

June

  • June 9 - Military coup in Bulgaria - prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski is ousted (he is killed June 14)
  • June 18 - Etna volcano erupts - 60.000 made homeless

July

  • July 10 - Large hailstones kill 23 in Rostow, Soviet Russia
  • July 19 - July 20|20 night - Assassination of Pancho Villa
  • July 24 - The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War

August

  • August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921 - 1923) dies in office and is succeeded by Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929).
  • August 13 - First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport
  • August 13 - Gustav Stresemann is named Chancellor of Germany|chancellor and founds a coalition government in Weimar Republic Germany

September

  • September 1 - Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama killing 142.807 people
  • September 4 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first American airship, the USS Shenandoah, takes to the sky for the first time
  • September 6 - Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. League of Nations protests and they leave September 29
  • September 8 - Honda Point Disaster: Seven US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast.
  • September 9 - Atatürk founded the CHP.
  • September 13 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • September 18-26 - Newspaper printers strike in New York
  • September 26 - In Bayern, Gustav von Kuhr declares independence from Berlin

October

  • October 29 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

November

  • November 8 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day
  • November 12- Her Highness Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk|Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
  • November 15 - The inflation in Germany reaches its height. One dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000 Reichsmarks (4.2 trillion). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency
  • November 23 - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses

December

  • December 12 - Po river dam bursts - 600 dead
  • December 27 - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo

Unknown dates

  • Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.
  • Finnish flag carrier Finnair airline is started in Aero Oy.
  • Interpol is set up.
  • International Police Conference in Vienna
  • Hoda Cha'arawi Association (formerly The Egyptian Feminist Union) is established in Egypt.
  • Trade unions banned in Spain for 10 years.
  • Police strike in Australia
  • Regia Aeronautica, air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
  • American Law Institute established
  • Moderation League of New York became part of movement for repeal of prohibition in United States.

Births

January

  • January 1 - Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II spy (d. 1944)
  • January 5 - Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
  • January 6 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • January 7 - Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • January 8 - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
  • January 16 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • January 19 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
  • January 25 - Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • January 26 - Anne Jeffreys, American actress
  • January 29 - Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
  • January 31 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist

February

  • February 2 - James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
  • February 2 - Liz Smith (journalist)|Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
  • February 9 - Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
  • February 12 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director
  • February 13 - Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
  • February 13 - Chuck Yeager, American pilot and NASA official
  • February 20 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
  • February 24 - David Soyer, American cellist
  • February 27 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophone player (d. 1990)

March

  • March 6 - Ed McMahon, American television personality
  • March 9 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • March 10 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 12 - Wally Schirra, astronaut
  • March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • March 25 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
  • March 26 - Bob Elliott (comedian)|Bob Elliott, American comedian
  • March 27 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
  • March 30 - Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)

April

  • April 2 - G. Spencer-Brown, British mathematician
  • April 6 - Ramon Valdes, Mexican comedian
  • April 8 - George Fisher (cartoonist)|George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • April 8 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997)
  • April 13 - Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • April 20 - Mother Angelica, American founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN)
  • April 22 - Bettie Page, American model
  • April 22 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer and writer
  • April 23 - Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas

May

  • May 1 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • May 2 - Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland
  • May 3 - Ralph Hall, American politician
  • May 5 - Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • May 7 - Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
  • May 13 - Bea Arthur, American actress
  • May 15 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
  • May 16 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • May 18 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
  • May 21 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • May 21 - Dorothy Hewett, writer (d. 2002)
  • May 21 - Ara Parseghian, American football coach
  • May 26 - James Arness, American actor
  • May 27 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 28 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer
  • May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)

July

  • July 2 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 4 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • July 8 - Harrison Dillard, American athlete
  • July 18 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • July 20 - Stanislaw Albinowski|Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • July 21 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 22 - Robert Joseph Dole, American politician and Presidential candidate
  • July 22 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • July 23 - Luis Aloma|Witto Aloma, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1997)

August

  • August 5 - Devan Nair, third President of Singapore (d. 2005)
  • August 16 - Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian cartoonist and playwright
  • August 20 - Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964)
  • August 21 - Shimon Peres, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • August 24 - Arthur Jensen, American educational psychologist
  • August 26 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist

September

  • September 1 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector
  • September 1 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • September 3 - Mort Walker, American cartoonist
  • September 6 - King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
  • September 9 - Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • September 11 - Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (d. 2003)
  • September 17 - Hank Williams, American country musician (d. 1953)
  • September 20 - Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (D. 1997
  • September 22 - Dannie Abse, Welsh poet
  • September 26 - Dev Anand, Indian actor

October

  • October 3 - Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
  • October 5 - Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. 1994)
  • October 5 - Glynis Johns, British actress
  • October 13 - Faas Wilkes, Dutch football (soccer) player
  • October 15 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • October 23 - Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)

November

  • November 1 - Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano (d. 2005)
  • November 1 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • November 8 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2005)
  • November 18 - Alan Shepard, American astronaut (d. 1998)
  • November 20 - Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
  • November 22 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
  • November 23 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
  • November 25 - Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland

December

  • December 2 - Maria Callas, Greek soprano (d. 1977)
  • December 12 - Bob Barker, American game show host
  • December 13 - Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • December 13 - Larry Doby, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • December 13 - Antoni Tàpies, Catalan painter
  • December 14 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
  • December 15 - Freeman Dyson, English-born physicist
  • December 23 - Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
  • December 23 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral
  • December 24 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
  • December 25 - Sonia Olschanezky, World War II heroine (d. 1944)

Deaths

January

  • Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
  • January 9 - Katherine Mansfield, British novelist (b. 1888)
  • January 23 - Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)

February

  • February 10 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • February 23 - Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)

March

  • March 8 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • March 26 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
  • March 27 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)

April

  • April 4 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
  • April 5 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)

June

  • June 9 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (b. 1846)

August

  • August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)

October

  • October 30 - Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)

December

  • December 12 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
  • December 13 - Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)

Nobel Prizes

  • Nobel Prize/Physics|Physics - Robert Andrews Millikan
  • Nobel Prize/Chemistry|Chemistry - Fritz Pregl
  • Nobel Prize/Physiology or medicine|Physiology or Medicine - Frederick Banting|Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
  • Nobel Prize in literature|Literature - William Butler Yeats
  • Nobel Prize/Peace|Peace - Not awarded

Wiki Source: Wikipedia