Difference between revisions of "1923"

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'''1923''' '''(MCMXXIII)''' was a common year starting on Monday.<br>
|-
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{{EraHeader}}
| align="center" | <small>'''Centuries:'''</small> <br> 19th century - '''20th century''' - 21st century <hr>
 
|-
 
| align="center" colspan=2 | <small>'''Decades:'''</small> <br>
 
1890s 1900s 1910s - [[1920s]] - 1930s 1940s 1950s
 
|-
 
| align="center" colspan=2 | <small>'''Years:'''</small><br>
 
1920 1921 1922 [[1923]] 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
 
|}
 
  
{{mythos|Fictional or semi-fictional events due to the [[Cthulhu Mythos]] are highlighted in this fashion.}}<br>
+
==Events==
Sometimes referred to as the "Jazz Age" or primarily in North America and in Australia as the "Roaring Twenties" . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties.
+
===January===
 +
* January 1 - Grouping of all United Kingdom railway companies into four larger companies
 +
* January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel
 +
* January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to pay its reparation payments
  
----
+
===February===
==Events and trends==
+
* February 16 - Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun
 +
* February 22 - Barcelona (Catalonia): Albert Einstein visits the city, invited by the scientist Esteban Terradas i Illa, as part of the monografics course of High Studies and Exchange organized by the Mancomunitat de Catalunya and conducted by Rafael de Campalans.
  
Since the closing of the 20th Century, the [[1920s]] has drawn close associations with the 1990s, especially in the United States. This due to the fact both decades were considered very economically prosperous times, and a prosperity which lasted throughout almost the entire decade following a tremendous event at the closing of the previous decade (World War I and Spanish flu in the late 1910s, and the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s). In Australia, this decade was known as the ''Roaring Twenties''.
+
===March===
 +
* March - ''Antigone'' by Jean Cocteau appears on a Paris stage. Settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger, and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel.  Antonin Artaud played the part of Tiresias.
 +
* March 1 - USS Connecticut decommissioned
 +
* March 2 - ''Time Magazine'' hits newsstands for the first time
 +
* March 9 - Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke, his third, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.
  
Despite the comparisons, however, there were a number of differences. First of all, Germany, like many other European countries, had to face a severe economic downturn in the opening years of the decade, due to the enormous debt caused by the war as well as the one-sided Treaty of Versailles. Such a crisis would culminate with a devaluation of the Mark in 1923, eventually leading to economic prosperity during the remainder of the period.
+
===April===
Second, the decade was characterized by the rise of radical political movements, especially in regions that were once part of empires. Communism began attracting large numbers of followers following the success of the October Revolution and the Bolsheviks' determination to win the subsequent Russian Civil War. The Bolsheviks would eventually adopt semi-capitalist policies-- New Economic Policy-- from 1921 to 1928.
+
* April - End of Irish Civil War
The 1920s also experienced the rise of the far-right in Europe and elsewhere, starting with Italy, and were perceived by some in the Western world as an antidote to Communism.
+
* April 12 - Kandersteg International Scout Centre came into existence.
 +
* April 23 - Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia Seaport
 +
* April 26 - Wedding of George VI of the United Kingdom/Prince Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in Westminster Abbey
  
The Stock Market collapsed during October 1929 (see Black Tuesday) and drew a line under prosperous 1920s.
+
===May===
+
* May 23 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA Airlines
===Technology===
+
* May 27 - Ku Klux Klan defies law requiring publication of its members
* John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as "Tommy gun"
 
* John Logie Baird invents the first working mechanical television system (1925)
 
* Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to fly solo non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean (20 May-21 May 1927)
 
* Penicillin is discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming (1928)
 
* Philo T. Farnsworth invents the modern electronic cathode ray tube|CRT television
 
* Insulin is discovered by Frederick Banting during the winter of 1921-1922
 
  
===Science===
+
===June===
* Great advances in quantum mechanics
+
* June 9 - Military coup in Bulgaria - prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski is ousted (he is killed June 14)
** Wave mechanics and the Schrödinger equation
+
* June 18 - Etna volcano erupts - 60.000 made homeless
** Werner Heisenberg formulates the uncertainty principle
 
* Prediction and discovery of the expanding universe
 
  
===War, peace and politics===
+
===July===
* Rise of communism after World War I
+
* July 10 - Large hailstones kill 23 in Rostow, Soviet Russia
* The Red Scare in the United States (1920-1921)
+
* July 19 - July 20|20 night - Assassination of Pancho Villa
* In the United States, peak of the Ku Klux Klan (about five million members)
+
* July 24 - The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War
* In the United States, KKK auxiliaries established.
 
* Irish Civil War
 
* The Irish Free State gains independence from the United Kingdom in 1922
 
* Marie C. Brehm becomes temperance movement leader.
 
* Turkish War of Independence
 
* Moderation League of New York worked for repeal of prohibition.
 
* Polish-Soviet war
 
* First UK Labour Government of Ramsay MacDonald formed in the United Kingdom
 
* Kellogg-Briand Pact to end war
 
* Prohibition leaders were at the height of their power.
 
* The Qajar dynasty ended under Ahmad Shah Qajar and Reza Pahlavi formed the Pahlavi Dynasty, which would later become the last monarchy of Iran.
 
  
===Economics===
+
===August===
* Economic boom ended by "Black Tuesday" (October 29, 1929); the stock market crashes, leading to the Great Depression
+
* August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921 - 1923) dies in office and is succeeded by Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929).
 +
* August 13 - First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport
 +
* August 13 - Gustav Stresemann is named Chancellor of Germany|chancellor and founds a coalition government in Weimar Republic Germany
  
===Culture, religion===
+
===September===
* Prohibition &mdash; legal attempt to end consumption of alcohol in Canada, the United States, and Finland
+
* September 1 - Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama killing  142.807 people
* Youth culture of '''The Lost Generation'''; flappers, the Charleston, and bobbed hair
+
* September 4 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first American airship, the USS ''Shenandoah'', takes to the sky for the first time
* "The Jazz Age" &mdash; jazz and jazz-influenced dance music widely popular
+
* September 6 - Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. League of Nations protests and they leave September 29
* F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes the some of the most enduring novels characterizing the Jazz Age.  ''This Side of Paradise'', ''The Beautiful and Damned'', and ''The Great Gatsby'', as well as three short story collections, were all published in these years.
+
* September 8 - Honda Point Disaster:  Seven US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast.
* Women's suffrage movement continues to make gains as women obtain full voting rights in the United States in 1920, in Denmark in 1921, and in England in 1928; and women begin to enter the workplace in larger numbers
+
* September 9 - Atatürk founded the CHP.
* In the US, gangsters and the rise of organized crime, often associated with bootleg liquor, in defiance of Prohibition.
+
* September 13 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
* Rum rows are established to import bootleg alcoholic beverages into U.S.
+
* September 18-26 - Newspaper printers strike in New York
* First commercial radio station in the U.S. goes onair in Pittsburgh, in 1920, and radio quickly becomes a popular entertainment medium
+
* September 26 - In Bayern, Gustav von Kuhr declares independence from Berlin
* Methodist Board of Temperance, Prohibition, and Public Morals defends alcohol prohibition in U.S.
 
* Start of motion pictures with sound tracks in 1927
 
* Beginning of surrealist movement
 
* Beginning of the Art Deco movement
 
* Fads such as dance marathons, mah-jongg, crossword puzzles and pole-sitting are popular
 
* The height of the clip joint
 
* The Harlem Renaissance
 
* The Scopes Monkey Trial (1925) which questioned evolution, creationism, and the right to teach
 
* Bishop James Cannon, Jr. becomes a U.S. temperance movement leader.
 
* The Group of Seven (artists)
 
* Repeal organizations organized to fight national prohibition in U.S.
 
* Minister Daisy Douglas Barr heads Women's Ku Klux Klan (WKKK).
 
  
==People==
+
===October===
===World leaders===
+
* October 29 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire
* Prime Minister Stanley Bruce (Australia)
 
* Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King (Canada)
 
* President Sun Yat-sen (Republic of China)
 
* President Chiang Kai-shek (Republic of China)
 
* President Paul von Hindenburg (Germany)
 
* Ahmad Shah Qajar of Qajar dynasty (Persia/Iran)
 
* Reza Shah Pahlavi of Pahlavi Dynasty (Iran)
 
* King Victor Emmanuel III (Italy)
 
* Prime Minister Benito Mussolini (Italy)
 
* President W.T. Cosgrave (Irish Free State)
 
* President Mustafa Kemal(Ataturk) (Turkey)
 
* Emperor Hirohito (Japan)
 
* Pope Pius XI
 
* Vladimir Lenin (Soviet Union)
 
* Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)
 
* King Alfonso XIII (Spain)
 
* King George V (United Kingdom)
 
* Prime Minister David Lloyd George (United Kingdom)
 
* Prime Minister Andrew Bonar Law (United Kingdom)
 
* Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin (United Kingdom)
 
* Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald (United Kingdom)
 
* President Woodrow Wilson (United States)
 
* President Warren G. Harding (United States)
 
* President Calvin Coolidge (United States)
 
* President Herbert Hoover (United States)
 
  
===Entertainers===
+
===November===
* Charlie Chaplin
+
* November 8 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day
* George Gershwin
+
* November 12- Her Highness Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk|Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
* Duke Ellington
+
* November 15 - The inflation in Germany reaches its height. One dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000 Reichsmarks (4.2 trillion). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency
* Fletcher Henderson
+
* November 23 - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses
* Al Jolson
 
* Jelly Roll Morton
 
* Cole Porter
 
* Bessie Smith
 
* Rudy Vallee
 
* Paul Whiteman
 
* Louis Armstrong
 
* Eddie Cantor
 
* Helen Kane
 
* Buster Keaton
 
  
===Sports figures===
+
===December===
* Alex James (Arsenal & Scotland footballer)
+
* December 12 - Po river dam bursts - 600 dead
* Babe Ruth (American baseball player)
+
* December 27 - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo
* Bill Tilden (American tennis player)
 
* Bobby Jones (American golfer)
 
* Gordon Coventry (Australian Rules Football player)
 
* Herbert Sutcliffe (Yorkshire & England cricketer)
 
* Jack Dempsey (American boxer)
 
* Jack Hobbs (Surrey & England cricketer)
 
* Red Grange (American football player)
 
* Warwick Armstrong (Australian cricket captain)
 
* Wilfred Rhodes (Yorkshire & England cricketer)
 
* Helen Wills Moody (American tennis player)
 
* Johnny Weissmuller (American swimmer)
 
  
== External links ==  
+
===Unknown dates===
*[http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/en/keys/games/game_0_1920s/ Quiz: Life in the Roaring Twenties]
+
* Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.
*[http://www.tr20s.com/ Music from the Roaring 20's]
+
* Finnish flag carrier Finnair airline is started in Aero Oy.
 +
* Interpol is set up.
 +
* International Police Conference in Vienna
 +
* Hoda Cha'arawi Association (formerly The Egyptian Feminist Union) is established in Egypt.
 +
* Trade unions banned in Spain for 10 years.
 +
* Police strike in Australia
 +
* Regia Aeronautica, air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
 +
* American Law Institute established
 +
* Moderation League of New York became part of movement for repeal of prohibition in United States.
  
Wiki Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia]
+
==Births==
 +
===January===
 +
*January 1 - Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II spy  (d. 1944)
 +
*January 5 - Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
 +
*January 6 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
 +
*January 7 - Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
 +
*January 8  - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
 +
*January 16 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
 +
*January 19 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
 +
*January 25 - Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
 +
*January 26 - Anne Jeffreys, American actress
 +
*January 29 - Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
 +
*January 31 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist
 +
 
 +
===February===
 +
*February 2 - James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
 +
*February 2 - Liz Smith (journalist)|Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
 +
*February 9 - Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
 +
*February 12 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director
 +
*February 13 - Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
 +
*February 13 - Chuck Yeager, American pilot and NASA official
 +
*February 20 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
 +
*February 24 - David Soyer, American cellist
 +
*February 27 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophone player (d. 1990)
 +
 
 +
===March===
 +
* March 6 - Ed McMahon, American television personality
 +
* March 9 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
 +
* March 10 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
 +
* March 12 - Wally Schirra, astronaut
 +
* March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
 +
* March 25 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
 +
* March 26 - Bob Elliott (comedian)|Bob Elliott, American comedian
 +
* March 27 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
 +
* March 30 - Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)
 +
 
 +
===April===
 +
* April 2 - G. Spencer-Brown, British mathematician
 +
* April 6 - Ramon Valdes, Mexican comedian
 +
* April 8 - George Fisher (cartoonist)|George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003)
 +
* April 8 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997)
 +
* April 13 - Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
 +
* April 20 - Mother Angelica, American founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN)
 +
* April 22 - Bettie Page, American model
 +
* April 22 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer and writer
 +
* April 23 - Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas
 +
 
 +
===May===
 +
* May 1 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
 +
* May 2 - Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland
 +
* May 3 - Ralph Hall, American politician
 +
* May 5 - Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
 +
* May 7 - Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
 +
* May 13 - Bea Arthur, American actress
 +
* May 15 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
 +
* May 16 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate
 +
* May 18 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
 +
* May 21 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
 +
* May 21 - Dorothy Hewett, writer (d. 2002)
 +
* May 21 - Ara Parseghian, American football coach
 +
* May 26 - James Arness, American actor
 +
* May 27 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
 +
* May 28 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer
 +
* May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
 +
 
 +
===July===
 +
* July 2 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
 +
* July 4 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
 +
* July 8 - Harrison Dillard, American athlete
 +
* July 18 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
 +
* July 20 - Stanislaw Albinowski|Stanis&#322;aw Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
 +
* July 21 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate
 +
* July 22 - Robert Joseph Dole, American politician and Presidential candidate
 +
* July 22 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
 +
* July 23 - Luis Aloma|Witto Aloma, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1997)
 +
 
 +
===August===
 +
* August 5  -  Devan Nair, third President of Singapore (d. 2005)
 +
* August 16 - Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian cartoonist and playwright
 +
* August 20 - Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964)
 +
* August 21 - Shimon Peres, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
 +
* August 24 - Arthur Jensen, American educational psychologist
 +
* August 26 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist
 +
 
 +
===September===
 +
* September 1 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector
 +
* September 1 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
 +
* September 3 - Mort Walker, American cartoonist
 +
* September 6 - King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
 +
* September 9 - Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
 +
* September 11 - Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (d. 2003)
 +
* September 17 - Hank Williams, American country musician (d. 1953)
 +
* September 20 - Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (D. 1997
 +
* September 22 - Dannie Abse, Welsh poet
 +
* September 26 - Dev Anand, Indian actor
 +
 
 +
===October===
 +
* October 3 - Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
 +
* October 5 - Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. 1994)
 +
* October 5 - Glynis Johns, British actress
 +
* October 13 - Faas Wilkes, Dutch football (soccer) player
 +
* October 15 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (d. 1985)
 +
* October 23 - Frank S<nowiki></nowiki>utton, American actor (d. 1974)
 +
 
 +
===November===
 +
* November 1 - Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano (d. 2005)
 +
* November 1 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
 +
* November 8 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2005)
 +
* November 18 - Alan Shepard, American astronaut (d. 1998)
 +
* November 20 - Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
 +
* November 22 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
 +
* November 23 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
 +
* November 25 - Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland
 +
 
 +
===December===
 +
* December 2 - Maria Callas, Greek soprano (d. 1977)
 +
* December 12 - Bob Barker, American game show host
 +
* December 13 - Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
 +
* December 13 - Larry Doby, baseball player (d. 2003)
 +
* December 13 -  Antoni Tàpies, Catalan painter
 +
* December 14 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
 +
* December 15 - Freeman Dyson, English-born physicist
 +
* December 23 - Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
 +
* December 23 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral
 +
* December 24 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
 +
* December 25 - Sonia Olschanezky, World War II heroine (d. 1944)
 +
 
 +
==Deaths==
 +
 
 +
===January===
 +
* Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
 +
* January 9 -  Katherine Mansfield, British novelist (b. 1888)
 +
* January 23 - Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
 +
 
 +
===February===
 +
* February 10 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
 +
* February 23 - Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)
 +
 
 +
===March===
 +
* March 8 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
 +
* March 26 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
 +
* March 27 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
 +
 
 +
===April===
 +
* April 4 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
 +
* April 5 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)
 +
 
 +
===June===
 +
* June 9 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (b. 1846)
 +
 
 +
===August===
 +
* August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
 +
 
 +
===October===
 +
* October 30 - Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
 +
 
 +
===December===
 +
* December 12 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
 +
* December 13 - Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)
 +
 
 +
==Nobel Prizes==
 +
* Physics - Robert Andrews Millikan
 +
* Chemistry - Fritz Pregl
 +
* Physiology or Medicine - Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
 +
* [[Literature]] - William Butler Yeats
 +
* Peace - Not awarded
  
 
[[Category:1920s]]
 
[[Category:1920s]]
 +
 +
Wiki Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia]

Latest revision as of 03:50, 3 February 2006

1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday.

Fictional or semi-fictional events due to the Cthulhu Mythos are highlighted in this fashion.**
Contributors:  use {{mythos|insert text here}} to note Mythos events.

Events

January

  • January 1 - Grouping of all United Kingdom railway companies into four larger companies
  • January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel
  • January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to pay its reparation payments

February

  • February 16 - Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun
  • February 22 - Barcelona (Catalonia): Albert Einstein visits the city, invited by the scientist Esteban Terradas i Illa, as part of the monografics course of High Studies and Exchange organized by the Mancomunitat de Catalunya and conducted by Rafael de Campalans.

March

  • March - Antigone by Jean Cocteau appears on a Paris stage. Settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger, and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel. Antonin Artaud played the part of Tiresias.
  • March 1 - USS Connecticut decommissioned
  • March 2 - Time Magazine hits newsstands for the first time
  • March 9 - Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke, his third, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

April

  • April - End of Irish Civil War
  • April 12 - Kandersteg International Scout Centre came into existence.
  • April 23 - Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia Seaport
  • April 26 - Wedding of George VI of the United Kingdom/Prince Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in Westminster Abbey

May

  • May 23 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA Airlines
  • May 27 - Ku Klux Klan defies law requiring publication of its members

June

  • June 9 - Military coup in Bulgaria - prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski is ousted (he is killed June 14)
  • June 18 - Etna volcano erupts - 60.000 made homeless

July

  • July 10 - Large hailstones kill 23 in Rostow, Soviet Russia
  • July 19 - July 20|20 night - Assassination of Pancho Villa
  • July 24 - The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War

August

  • August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921 - 1923) dies in office and is succeeded by Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929).
  • August 13 - First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport
  • August 13 - Gustav Stresemann is named Chancellor of Germany|chancellor and founds a coalition government in Weimar Republic Germany

September

  • September 1 - Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama killing 142.807 people
  • September 4 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first American airship, the USS Shenandoah, takes to the sky for the first time
  • September 6 - Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. League of Nations protests and they leave September 29
  • September 8 - Honda Point Disaster: Seven US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast.
  • September 9 - Atatürk founded the CHP.
  • September 13 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • September 18-26 - Newspaper printers strike in New York
  • September 26 - In Bayern, Gustav von Kuhr declares independence from Berlin

October

  • October 29 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

November

  • November 8 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day
  • November 12- Her Highness Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk|Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
  • November 15 - The inflation in Germany reaches its height. One dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000 Reichsmarks (4.2 trillion). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency
  • November 23 - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses

December

  • December 12 - Po river dam bursts - 600 dead
  • December 27 - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo

Unknown dates

  • Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.
  • Finnish flag carrier Finnair airline is started in Aero Oy.
  • Interpol is set up.
  • International Police Conference in Vienna
  • Hoda Cha'arawi Association (formerly The Egyptian Feminist Union) is established in Egypt.
  • Trade unions banned in Spain for 10 years.
  • Police strike in Australia
  • Regia Aeronautica, air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
  • American Law Institute established
  • Moderation League of New York became part of movement for repeal of prohibition in United States.

Births

January

  • January 1 - Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II spy (d. 1944)
  • January 5 - Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
  • January 6 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • January 7 - Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • January 8 - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
  • January 16 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • January 19 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
  • January 25 - Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • January 26 - Anne Jeffreys, American actress
  • January 29 - Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
  • January 31 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist

February

  • February 2 - James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
  • February 2 - Liz Smith (journalist)|Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
  • February 9 - Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
  • February 12 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director
  • February 13 - Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
  • February 13 - Chuck Yeager, American pilot and NASA official
  • February 20 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
  • February 24 - David Soyer, American cellist
  • February 27 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophone player (d. 1990)

March

  • March 6 - Ed McMahon, American television personality
  • March 9 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • March 10 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 12 - Wally Schirra, astronaut
  • March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • March 25 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
  • March 26 - Bob Elliott (comedian)|Bob Elliott, American comedian
  • March 27 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
  • March 30 - Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)

April

  • April 2 - G. Spencer-Brown, British mathematician
  • April 6 - Ramon Valdes, Mexican comedian
  • April 8 - George Fisher (cartoonist)|George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • April 8 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997)
  • April 13 - Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • April 20 - Mother Angelica, American founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN)
  • April 22 - Bettie Page, American model
  • April 22 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer and writer
  • April 23 - Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas

May

  • May 1 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • May 2 - Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland
  • May 3 - Ralph Hall, American politician
  • May 5 - Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • May 7 - Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
  • May 13 - Bea Arthur, American actress
  • May 15 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
  • May 16 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • May 18 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
  • May 21 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • May 21 - Dorothy Hewett, writer (d. 2002)
  • May 21 - Ara Parseghian, American football coach
  • May 26 - James Arness, American actor
  • May 27 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 28 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer
  • May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)

July

  • July 2 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 4 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • July 8 - Harrison Dillard, American athlete
  • July 18 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • July 20 - Stanislaw Albinowski|Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • July 21 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 22 - Robert Joseph Dole, American politician and Presidential candidate
  • July 22 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • July 23 - Luis Aloma|Witto Aloma, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1997)

August

  • August 5 - Devan Nair, third President of Singapore (d. 2005)
  • August 16 - Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian cartoonist and playwright
  • August 20 - Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964)
  • August 21 - Shimon Peres, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • August 24 - Arthur Jensen, American educational psychologist
  • August 26 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist

September

  • September 1 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector
  • September 1 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • September 3 - Mort Walker, American cartoonist
  • September 6 - King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
  • September 9 - Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • September 11 - Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (d. 2003)
  • September 17 - Hank Williams, American country musician (d. 1953)
  • September 20 - Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (D. 1997
  • September 22 - Dannie Abse, Welsh poet
  • September 26 - Dev Anand, Indian actor

October

  • October 3 - Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
  • October 5 - Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. 1994)
  • October 5 - Glynis Johns, British actress
  • October 13 - Faas Wilkes, Dutch football (soccer) player
  • October 15 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • October 23 - Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)

November

  • November 1 - Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano (d. 2005)
  • November 1 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • November 8 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2005)
  • November 18 - Alan Shepard, American astronaut (d. 1998)
  • November 20 - Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
  • November 22 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
  • November 23 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
  • November 25 - Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland

December

  • December 2 - Maria Callas, Greek soprano (d. 1977)
  • December 12 - Bob Barker, American game show host
  • December 13 - Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • December 13 - Larry Doby, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • December 13 - Antoni Tàpies, Catalan painter
  • December 14 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
  • December 15 - Freeman Dyson, English-born physicist
  • December 23 - Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
  • December 23 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral
  • December 24 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
  • December 25 - Sonia Olschanezky, World War II heroine (d. 1944)

Deaths

January

  • Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
  • January 9 - Katherine Mansfield, British novelist (b. 1888)
  • January 23 - Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)

February

  • February 10 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • February 23 - Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)

March

  • March 8 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • March 26 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
  • March 27 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)

April

  • April 4 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
  • April 5 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)

June

  • June 9 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (b. 1846)

August

  • August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)

October

  • October 30 - Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)

December

  • December 12 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
  • December 13 - Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)

Nobel Prizes

  • Physics - Robert Andrews Millikan
  • Chemistry - Fritz Pregl
  • Physiology or Medicine - Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
  • Literature - William Butler Yeats
  • Peace - Not awarded

Wiki Source: Wikipedia