Difference between revisions of "1930s"

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(Events and trends)
(Events and trends)
 
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==Events and trends==
 
==Events and trends==
  
[[Image:mussolini-speaks.jpg|frame|right|A public speech by [[Benito Mussolini]], founder of the Fascist movement]]
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[[Image:mussolini-speaks.jpg|frame|right|A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement]]
  
The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global [[Great Depression|depression]]. In [[Australia]], this decade was known as the ''Dirty Thirties''. In both [[Central Europe]] and [[Eastern Europe]], [[Fascism]], [[Nazism]], [[Stalinism]],dominated as the solution, the first two adopting war-oriented economic policies and the latter emphasizing heavy industrial development, all of them described as [[totalitarian]] regimes. In [[East Asia]], the rise of [[Militarism]] occurred. In [[Western Europe]], Australia and the [[United States]], more progressive reforms occurred as opposed to the extreme measures sought elsewhere. [[Roosevelt's New Deal]] attempted to use government spending to combat large-scale unemployment and severely negative growth. Ultimately, it would be the beginning of [[World War II]] in [[1939]] that would end the depression.
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The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. In Australia, this decade was known as the ''Dirty Thirties''. In both Central Europe and Eastern Europe, Fascism, Nazism, Stalinism,dominated as the solution, the first two adopting war-oriented economic policies and the latter emphasizing heavy industrial development, all of them described as totalitarian regimes. In East Asia, the rise of Militarism occurred. In Western Europe, Australia and the United States, more progressive reforms occurred as opposed to the extreme measures sought elsewhere. Roosevelt's New Deal attempted to use government spending to combat large-scale unemployment and severely negative growth. Ultimately, it would be the beginning of World War II in 1939 that would end the depression.
  
 
===Technology===
 
===Technology===
* [[Jet engine]] invented
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* Jet engine invented
* [[The Walt Disney Company|Disney]] adopts a three-color [[Technicolor]] process for cartoons
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* Disney adopts a three-color Technicolor process for cartoons
* The [[photocopier]] is invented
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* The photocopier is invented
* [[Air mail]] service across the [[Atlantic]]
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* Air mail service across the Atlantic
  
 
===Science===
 
===Science===
  
[[Image:Plutoncharon.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Pluto and its primary satellite [[Charon (moon)|Charon]]]]
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[[Image:pluto-and-charon.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Pluto and its primary satellite Charon]]
  
* [[Nuclear fission]] discovered by [[Otto Hahn]], [[Lise Meitner]] and [[Fritz Strassmann]]
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* Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann
* [[Pluto (planet)|Pluto]], the ninth planet from the [[Sun]], is discovered by [[Clyde Tombaugh]]
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* Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh
* British biologist [[Arthur Tansley]] coins term "[[ecosystem]]"
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* British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term "ecosystem"
* New and safer method for [[blood]] transfusions.
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* New and safer method for blood transfusions.
  
 
===War, peace and politics===
 
===War, peace and politics===
  
[[Image:terualsiege.jpg|300px|thumb|right|During the [[Spanish Civil War]]. A Republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in [[Teruel]], east of [[Madrid]]]]
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[[Image:terual-siege.jpg|300px|thumb|right|During the Spanish Civil War. A Republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, east of Madrid]]
  
* Socialists proclaim ''The death of [[Capitalism]]''
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* Socialists proclaim ''The death of Capitalism''
* Rise to power of [[Adolf Hitler]] in [[Germany/History|Germany]]
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* Rise to power of Adolf Hitler in Germany
 
* Under [[Joseph Stalin]], millions die in [[famine]]s. The [[Great Purges]] eliminate all Old [[Bolshevik]]s from the [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] government, except for [[Molotov]] and Stalin himself.
 
* Under [[Joseph Stalin]], millions die in [[famine]]s. The [[Great Purges]] eliminate all Old [[Bolshevik]]s from the [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] government, except for [[Molotov]] and Stalin himself.
 
* Almost all of [[Continental Europe]] moves to [[Authoritarianism]] or [[Totalitarianism]]
 
* Almost all of [[Continental Europe]] moves to [[Authoritarianism]] or [[Totalitarianism]]
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===Culture, religion===
 
===Culture, religion===
[[Image:Action1.JPG|thumb|right|200px|Cover of ''[[Action Comics]]'' #1, the first appearance of Superman. Art by [[Joe Shuster]].]]
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[[image:action-comics-1.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Cover of ''[[Action Comics]]'' #1, the first appearance of Superman. Art by [[Joe Shuster]].]]
  
 
* [[Radio]] becomes dominant mass media in industrial nations
 
* [[Radio]] becomes dominant mass media in industrial nations

Latest revision as of 16:51, 12 April 2015

Centuries:
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades:

1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s

Years:

1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939


Events and trends

A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement

The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. In Australia, this decade was known as the Dirty Thirties. In both Central Europe and Eastern Europe, Fascism, Nazism, Stalinism,dominated as the solution, the first two adopting war-oriented economic policies and the latter emphasizing heavy industrial development, all of them described as totalitarian regimes. In East Asia, the rise of Militarism occurred. In Western Europe, Australia and the United States, more progressive reforms occurred as opposed to the extreme measures sought elsewhere. Roosevelt's New Deal attempted to use government spending to combat large-scale unemployment and severely negative growth. Ultimately, it would be the beginning of World War II in 1939 that would end the depression.

Technology

  • Jet engine invented
  • Disney adopts a three-color Technicolor process for cartoons
  • The photocopier is invented
  • Air mail service across the Atlantic

Science

Pluto and its primary satellite Charon
  • Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann
  • Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh
  • British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term "ecosystem"
  • New and safer method for blood transfusions.

War, peace and politics

During the Spanish Civil War. A Republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, east of Madrid

Economics

Culture, religion

Cover of Action Comics #1, the first appearance of Superman. Art by Joe Shuster.

Others

People

World leaders

Entertainers

Sports figures

External links

Wiki Source: Wikipedia